It is hard to say exactly when football was first played in Romania. Some think 1889, others 1893, but the date remains uncertain. Given the fragmented nature of the country and surrounding territories in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, it is no surprise that the majority of the early players were foreign nationals – particularly British and German expatriates.
Romania's first football club was founded in October 1904 by German citizen Charles Viereck – the Olimpia Sport Club. By 1909 three teams were up and running and they formed the Association of Athletic Societies of Romania (ASAR). The next year the ASAR Cup, forerunner to the modern-day Romanian championship, was launched. After World War One and the unification of all the Romanian provinces, football became more widely and more effectively established. It was as late as 1932, though, that a national league was organised, with the Romanian Cup following in season 1933/34.
Before these developments, the Romanian Football Association Federation (FRFA) had been set up in February 1930, facilitating the country's participation in the first FIFA World Cup. Twelve months later, at the FIFA Congress in Budapest, the FRFA was admitted as a full FIFA member. With a communist regime in power after World War Two, however, Romanian football's governing body did not have the power to act autonomously and underwent several name changes.
Romania nonetheless became a founder member of UEFA in 1954, albeit by proxy: Romanian delegates due to attend the inaugural congress in Basel did not receive Swiss visas, so had to authorise Czechoslovakia to vote on their behalf. Finally, in July 1957, the Federaţia Română de Fotbal (FRF or Romanian Football Federation) was born, although its first elections as an independent organisation had to wait until August 1990. Mircea Sandu became president, a position he subsequently held for the next 24 years.
Romania's national team debuted in June 1922 against Yugoslavia in Belgrade, with the visitors triumphing 2-1 to lift the King Alexander Cup. Acclaimed playmaker Gheorghe Hagi remains the country's joint-top scorer with 35 goals alongside Adrian Mutu. Former midfielder Dorinel Munteanu holds the appearance record with 134 caps.
The side's best performance in a major tournament came at the 1994 World Cup where, with Hagi pulling the strings, they reached the quarter-finals, a finish they repeated at the UEFA European Championship of 2000. They also claimed the now-defunct Balkan Cup of Nations six times. However, UEFA EURO 2008 was the last time Romania qualified for a European finals, while the World Cup stage has eluded them since 1998 (and the third of three successive qualifications).
At club level FC Steaua Bucureşti have collected the most silverware, culminating in their victory over FC Barcelona in the 1986 European Champion Clubs' Cup final and ensuing UEFA Super Cup success. Steaua, who also lost the European Cup final in 1989 a year after making the semis, have been Romania's most prominent participants during the UEFA Champions League era – though CFR 1907 Cluj and FC Unirea Urziceni also featured in that tournament's group phase. FC Dinamo Bucureşti and CS Universitatea Craiova are other sides with European semi-finals on their CVs, though Steaua are the most recent club to get to the last four of a UEFA competition, the 2006 UEFA Cup.
Despite Steaua, Dinamo and FC Rapid Bucureşti's traditional hegemony, the Bucharest outfits faced tougher opposition from the provinces for a while, with CFR Cluj (three top-flight titles and three cups), FC Petrolul Ploieşti (one cup), Unirea, SC Vaslui and FC Oţelul Galaţi among the challengers. Even when Steaua were crowned First Division champions in 2014, FC Astra Giurgiu landed the Romanian Cup and the Super Cup, beating them in both finals. Yet while Dinamo attempt to regain their lustre and Rapid deal with various problems, Steaua undeniably loom large as national heavyweights.
Date of birth: 1 July 1984
Association president since: 2014
• The son of a former footballer – his father Gheorghe Burleanu made more than 350 top-flight appearances – Răzvan Burleanu played football at youth level.
• He decided to move into academic studies at the age of 19, reading Political Sciences at the National School of Political and Administrative Studies in Bucharest, and graduating following several master's studies and a doctoral thesis.
• Burleanu has worked for the municipal authorities in the city of Bacau, as well as for the Romanian parliament and the administration of the Romanian presidency. "Now the Romanian Football Federation will start a new era," he said upon his election. "I assure everybody that we will obtain high performances from a management and sporting point of view. We want to qualify for final tournaments on a regular basis and be proud of being Romanian."
Date of birth: 26 July 1954
Association general secretary since: 2014
• A former lower-league goalkeeper, Gheorghe Haic Chivorchian graduated from the coaching school within the Sports University at Bucharest, as well as the Marketing-Management University in Bacau, and took charge as head coach of the fourth-division team FC Textila Buhuși, leading them to promotion to the third tier after his first year in charge.
• In January 1988, he started his career as club president – a career which continued without interruption until March 2014. His first stint lasted nine years at FC Ceahlăul Piatra Neamț, which included promotion and gaining a form foothold in the top division, as well as qualification for the UEFA Intertoto Cup.
• After one year in the second league at FC Foresta Fălticeni, he spent ten years (1997-2007) at FCM Bacău and over five years at FC Timișoara, where he built a very strong youth centre. Chivorchian was also a member of the Romanian Football Federation (FRF) executive committee, as one of the two representatives of the top-division clubs. He became FRF general secretary in the spring of 2014.
|1||FC Steaua Bucureşti||28||60|
|2||ASA Târgu Mureş||28||59|
|3||FC Petrolul Ploieşti||27||47|
|4||CS Universitatea Craiova||28||47|
|5||FC Astra Giurgiu||27||41|
|6||FC Viitorul Constanţa||27||41|
|7||FC Dinamo Bucureşti||28||41|
|10||CS Pandurii Târgu Jiu||28||32|
|11||CS Concordia Chiajna||28||31|
|12||FC Universitatea Cluj||28||29|
|14||FC Rapid Bucureşti||28||28|
|15||CS Gaz Metan Mediaş||27||26|
|16||FC Ceahlăul Piatra Neamţ||27||23|
|17||CFR 1907 Cluj *||28||20|
|18||FC Oţelul Galaţi||27||18|